England, William

England, William
b. early 19th century
d. 1896 London, England
English photographer, inventor of an early focal-plane shutter.
England began his distinguished photographic career taking daguerreotype portraits in London in the 1840s. In 1854 he joined the London Stereoscopic Company and became its chief photographer, taking thousands of stereoscopic views all over the world. In 1859 he travelled to America to take views of the Niagara Falls. On returning to Britain he became a freelance photographer, adding to his considerable reputation with a long series of stereoscopic alpine views. He also became interested in panoramic photography and, later, photolithography. England's most important technical innovation was a drop shutter with a horizontal slit sited immediately in front of the plate. Proposed in 1861, this was a crude device, but is usually recognized as the precursor of the modern focal-plane shutter.
Further Reading
Michael Aver, 1985, Photographers Encyclopedia International, Vol. I (A-K), Hermance, Switzerland.
H.Gernsheim and A.Gernsheim, 1969, The History of Photography, rev. edn, London.

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • England, William — (1830 1896) Englischer Fotograf, der den Beruf bereits zwischen 1840 und 1845 als Heranwachsender bei einem Londoner Daguerreotypisten erlernt haben soll. Ab 1854 arbeitete er für die London Stereoscopic Company, und schuf auf Reisen durch… …   Das Lexikon aus „Bernie's Foto-Programm"

  • William III of England — William III II William III by Sir Godfrey Kneller Prince of Orange Reign 4 November 1650 …   Wikipedia

  • William II of England — William Rufus redirects here. See also William Rufus Day. William II Rufus William II, from the Stowe Manuscript King of England (more...) …   Wikipedia

  • William the Conqueror — The Duke of Normandy in the Bayeux Tapestry King of England Reign 25 December 1066 9 September 1087 Coronation 25 December 106 …   Wikipedia

  • William III — (William III of Orange) 1650 1702, stadholder of the United Provinces of the Netherlands 1672 1702; king of England 1689 1702, joint ruler with his wife, Mary II. * * * I Dutch Willem Alexander Paul Frederik Lodewijk born Feb. 19, 1817, Brussels …   Universalium

  • William — ist normannischen Ursprungs und die englische Form des männlichen Vornamens Wilhelm. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 William als Vorname 1.1 Namensträger 1.2 Künstlername 1.3 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • William — may refer to:*William (name), a masculine given nameRoyaltyBritish*William I of England (1027 1087), a.k.a. William the Conqueror, William the Bastard *William II of England (1056 1100), a.k.a. William Rufus *William I of Scotland (c. 1142 1214) …   Wikipedia

  • William Henry Blackmore — was an English lawyer who gained a fortune by exploiting a large social network as an investment promoter of Spanish Mexican Land Grants in New Mexico and Colorado between 1863 and 1878 . He used his fortune for philanthropy, primarily centred on …   Wikipedia

  • William Smith (Episcopalian priest) — William Smith (September 7, 1727 – May 14, 1803)[1][2] was the first provost of the University of Pennsylvania. Dr. William Smith by Gilbert Stuart, oil on …   Wikipedia

  • William of Malmesbury — (c. 1080/1095 ndash;c. 1143), English historian of the 12th century, was born about the year 1080/1095, in Wiltshire. His father was Norman and his mother English. He spent his whole life in England with his most productive working years as a… …   Wikipedia

  • William de Warenne, 1. Graf von Surrey — William de Warenne, 1. Earl of Surrey (* 1030 (?); † 1088 in Lewes, Sussex) war ein normannischer Aristokrat, der in der Schlacht von Hastings kämpfte und einer der größten Landeigner in England wurde. Er war ein Sohn von Ralph de Warenne und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”